energy security info
The growing global concern about the future of our planet is mainly due to energy resources are limited and found in certain parts of the world, to use this current pattern is causing serious health effects on humans and the environment.
Thus, today we need to ensure energy security, we need to control pollution caused by burning fuels and minimize the greenhouse effect caused by the emission of gases into the atmosphere [GHG]. Every day we damage our climate by using fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) in transport, industry and produce electricity. Power generation from these fuels generates 61% of worldwide total of greenhouse gases.
In addition, there are other challenges that have become urgent. World energy demand is growing at a rapid pace. Not only countries like China are increasingly demanding more energy. Over-reliance on energy imports from a few countries that create instability and insecurity in the supply and prices of oil and gas steadily increasing, have placed energy security as a concern in the political agendas of governments worldwide.
Climate change is already affecting our lives and is expected to destroy the livelihood of many people in developing countries, many ecosystems and species in the coming decades. For this reason we must drastically reduce our GHG emissions, an important measure both from the standpoint of environmental, social and economic.
It was found that the average temperature of Earth has experienced an increase during the twentieth century of 0.6 + – 0.2 C, besides that there is an actual decline in Arctic ice cover and increased the frequency and intensity of so-called natural disasters such as hurricanes, droughts and torrential rains.
With the assistance of some 80 people took place in Tomcod Forum seminar in Chile mega hydroelectric real “alternative for a sustainable future? Whose main conclusion is that the country needs to develop alternative energy generation, which is not only based on water.
Juan Pablo Oregon, coordinator of the campaign Ecosystems and Patagonia without dams, Chile explained that currently requires a sustainable energy policy with a strong foundation for energy efficiency, which is cheap and attainable. It is therefore important to create a level playing field between different energy sources.
For his part, Roberto Roman engineer who discussed current developments in the energy matrix and the alternatives to mega-dams and power plants, said the trends in the world “takes over” intelligent network is the means that the claims are dynamically modulated to maximize resources and also have low emissions.
In this framework, also developed a forum on citizen and indigenous experiences of those affected by the energy mega projects and institutional responses, in which one of the panelists was Irene Romero Milieus Community Council, who explained that his community is planning a geothermal affect them seriously.
The Higher Technological Institute “Catalina Harangue of Brown” runs the Laboratory for Research on Renewable Energy (LIP) since last September. The lip is possible through an agreement by which the National Agency for Research and Innovation (ANII) funds the project in which the UTU offers its premises and that one of them is in Montevideo and the other in Salt. In that sense, there are two people who are hired by the ANII, which are the engineer and technician Ramon Saul Vela Severe, in the area of research.
Within the UTU is working with students who are actively involved in the tasks you do in the laboratory. Consulted on this report, Saul Severe told PEOPLE that the laboratory “work with three types of energies that are most common in Salt: wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal. We also have an agro-meteorological station where measurements are made every day. “Severe confirmed that in both cases there are records of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, rainfall, wind chill, and this occurs from August 10 this year.
“It connects a computer to the station and has all the information of every moment of the day, and then compared with measurements made on the panel, and there we have the performance results, how much radiation there, what temperature we have among other data, “appropriated.
According to experts, Salt is located in a geographical point where it gives more sun than the other places throughout the region, which encompasses the departments of Rivera, Arias and part of southern Brazil. According to Severe “solar map Salt located in a suitable, since it has an average of 5 kilowatt hours of sunshine per day during the year (and with that ability) are more than enough.
“With regard to wind energy, which is gaining ground Salt as it is building a plant of this system in the area of Salt Grande by a group of Japanese investors, Professor Severs told us that “with the measurements have done in the agro-meteorological station can say that is not profitable, because to move a small wind generator takes an average wind of 3 meters per second, and there is an average jump of less than 2 meters per second and not is not convenient.” The lips are planning to install a wind generator, which consists of a tower 20 meters high with a mill, along with eight photovoltaic solar panels of various models and types.
Colorado Senator Victor Bernal, chair of the Energy Committee, said Pterosaur president, Luis Gonzalez Meyer, confirmed that there is a debt of U.S. $ 269 million in PDVSA has not been paid, which he considered worrisome because there are no plans to pay it serious.
Gonzalez Bernal said Meyer was invited by the Committee on Energy, Environment and Natural Resources to discuss the versions of an imminent rise in diesel prices and Pterosaur debt to the company PDVSA.
On debt, Gonzalez Meyer confirmed to members of the committee that there is a debt not paid $ 269 million. Pterosaur indicated that currently pays all fuel received within 30 days, but that is not paid any of the outstanding debt. Bernal said the senators are concerned that this debt becomes a “snowball” then it is impossible to pay. He said the Congress had passed a billion dollar expansion to pay the debt, and then eventually used to buy fuel, so that the debt remains outstanding.
The legislator said it is not clear whether the amount of speaking Gonzalez Meyer includes interest to date. Said the official made some documents that the commission will consider and asked for more information. He also noted that committee members believe that they should make a thorough audit Pterosaur to see what the real situation of the administration. However, he said while there is confidence that the current authorities of the Comptroller General of the Republic to perform work transparent.
Regarding the possibility that Pterosaur to pay the debt in the medium term, Bernal said Gonzalez Meyer said they are currently working at a loss with the sale of diesel because, as it has done historically, there is a fuel subsidy. He also indicated that, for a political decision is not expected the rise in price, which ruled that the entity may generate its own resources that will allow the debt to PDVSA.
Meyer Gonzalez also said, according to Bernal, who are evaluating the possibility of having its own fleet of cargo and boost the financial transaction for the payment of debt. Both proposals were challenged by Bernal, who noted that Pterosaur would be involved in matters that have nothing to do with its specific function.
The 2009 results show some remarkable changes compared to 2008. First, it was observed that the total primary energy supply, i.e. the total amount of energy used by the country to carry out all activities within their borders, decreased by 3.8% over the previous year.
Furthermore, we observed a decline in final consumption sectors, i.e. energy useful for actual applications, which reached 2.4%.
When this information is analyzed in more detail, we can see that this decline is explained mainly by decreases in consumption of industrial and mining sectors and transport, at 3.2% and 4.2% respectively. The only consumer sector showing a slight increase, showing greater resilience to the fall in economic activity is commercial, public and residential, with a positive variation of 2%, which, however, not enough to compensate the fall in consumption of the other two.
It should be noted that this drop in consumption is mainly reflected in the consumption of petroleum and coal, tools that natural gas consumption increased significantly with the coming into operation of the degasification of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Additionally, increased domestic production of primary energy by 6.8% (although less satisfying than a third of total consumption), and reduced total energy imports by 8.8%.
On this occasion, the information presents substantial improvements on previous years; it expanded both the number of surveys requested information. In particular, there was information of enterprises or production facilities to double the number of surveys conducted in previous years. Moreover, the detail of information requested grew to analyze better the penetration of certain technologies such as wind or biomass and the use made of energy.
“The changes respond to a policy outlined by the Ministry of Energy that seeks to improve the quality and coverage of the statistics generated to provide better information to citizens and to meet international requirements in this area. In particular, the country’s accession to the OECD and the recent application to the International Energy Agency (IEA), necessitate the need to build statistics with the highest standards of quality, “said Energy Minister, Ricardo Rainer.
Since October, the Ministry also started officially delivered on a regular basis (monthly and quarterly), information to the International Energy Agency (IEA) on production and consumption of oil, coal, gas, electricity and heat, as well as information prices, especially fuel. The requirements imposed by the release of this information, will require continued efforts to strengthen statistical capacity within the Ministry.
Are large dams, the only real option to generate power and move toward energy security and a sustainable and diversified network. How true that Chile is is on the verge of an energy crisis and what alternatives exist to meet electricity demand? Is the question we seek to answer important panelists on Thursday, November 11 San Francisco Campus of the Universidad Catholic de Tomcod.
Under the title “Hydroelectric Mega projects: real option for a sustainable future?” Panelists will gather important, including economists, ecologists, lawyers, community leaders and academics, who will present on issues of future energy, energy efficiency, the impact of mega hydroelectric plants, as is the case in Patagonia Hydrolyses line transmission necessary to transport the energy generated.
Forest Ethics, next to City Centre, NGOs Ecosystems and Defense Council of Patagonia, organize the event.