nuclear energy info
It is a recognition awarded by the European Association for Renewable Energies (Eurosolar). The Stadium of Switzerland received the award in the category ‘owners and managers of implants for use of renewable energy‘, said Eurosolar.
In the same class are also awarded to the Westfalenhalle of Dortmund. Other winners in the category “Cities and municipalities’ are La Meal (Zaragoza, Spain), the Italian province of Trento and the people June bee Gottingen (Germany).
Back in September, Stadium of Switzerland won the Swiss Solar Prize 2005. The benefits of solar panels on the roof and managed by the company BKW Energies AG achieved, with optimal levels of insulation, the 850 kW.
The maximum annual production of 700,000 kilowatt hours, equivalent to annual power supply 200 households. From a technical standpoint, it could reach an annual production of nearly double, to 1,300,000 kilowatt-hours. Big and small, yet the implementation built on the stadium of Switzerland is the largest solar power plant on the planet, but the broader stage.
The project was developed by the international research center of the Mont Soleil, in the Bernese Jura (northwest). Despite its size, it would take 4,170 such facilities to achieve the production of nuclear power Muhlenberg that, like the panels of the stadium belongs to the BKW.
Several municipalities in the surroundings of Berne have expressed interest in solar energy, and many families through interactive tools and models, combine different energy technologies.
The use of wind turbines to generate electricity on a large scale began in Denmark at the end of the last century and has spread worldwide. Through various components, wind turbine generators use their power to produce electricity.
The turbines are operated when the wind reaches a speed of about 19 to 21 km / h (ie, it takes a wind of at least moderate intensity, a breeze is not enough). When the wind stops, the wind farms use batteries to continue to deliver electricity. The wind turbine generators usually have a standard size (15 to 30 meters in diameter, with a capacity between 100 and 400 kW).
In Denmark and the Netherlands, where land-based turbines are typically located in flat terrain, offshore wind turbines produce 50 percent more energy than those in nearby onshore site. The reason is the low surface roughness of the sea.
On the other hand, the construction and installation of offshore foundations require 50 percent more energy than land. Finally, offshore wind turbines have a longer expected lifetime than onshore turbines, about 20 to 30 years.
The disadvantages of wind turbines are, for many users, aesthetic and environmental. Aesthetic because the presence of wind farms interrupted and disturbed by the vision of the landscape and environmental because the birds die because they can not avoid on your routes the blades of wind turbines. Given these disadvantages, the Danes notes:
Tjaereborg radar studies in the western part of Denmark, where there is installed a 2 MW wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 60 meters, show that birds (either day or night) tend to change their flight path about 100-200 meters before the turbine, and pass over it at a safe distance.
Electrical energy production is one of the inescapable needs of every developed country and one of the most polluting. The biggest problem is that electricity cannot be stored, and therefore must produce at the same time it is consumed.
Although there are other ways of producing electricity in industrial production is based on a single technology: can we turn a turbine connected to a generator. But to move the turbine requires a primary energy source. There are two basic ways to produce electricity, hydro power and thermal power.
Hydroelectric production consists of passing large amounts of water at high pressure through a turbine. Is a technology that requires a major intervention in space, because you need large quantities of water dam and have significant slopes? Has the advantage that it is a renewable primary energy and produces no emissions into the atmosphere. However, the precise conditions are not everywhere, so the total production depends on terrain and rainfall conditions. In addition, his great contribution is the impound of water produces significant changes in the environment, and adjusts the next ecosystem. Technological advances in improving the efficiency of the turbines, allowing the creation of micro, which requires much less infrastructure. Currently a small hydroelectric plant does not need more infrastructure than the old water mills. Thus, the landscape of the riverbanks, villages and cities, is filled with this mini.
Thermoelectric production involves passing hot air under pressure through a turbine. The hot air is obtained by boiling water and this water there are two technologies the burning and nuclear fission. The central hot water is called burning power plants. Can use four types of fuel bastard, oil, gas or befoul.
1. – The burning of coal is expensive, efficient and highly polluting. In addition to the CO2 emitted into the atmosphere other very harmful compounds such as sulfur. Is a non-renewable fossil resource.
2. – The burning of oil is expensive, very effective and very clean. Generates a lot of CO2 that is released into the atmosphere. The oil that is burned in power needs to be refined, so that there is an intermediate industrial process also consumes energy and produces pollution. Is a non-renewable fossil resource.
Not everyone knows what are the exact characteristics of this type of energy production, and taking into account the influences to their use in the environment, as well as disadvantages they can be found in other aspects is always desirable to have a certain amount of information on nuclear power for so long be made aware of important issues such as the environment and the different forms of energy production, although not appears to directly influence the life of each in a consistent manner.
To begin with the information of nuclear energy should begin with the main features. This type of energy is obtained or released in a spontaneous way by different nuclear reactions, also called nuclear processes. It is very important to provide some basic information about nuclear reactions when talking about nuclear energy information. Information-energy-nuclear reactions are processes of transformation and combination of subatomic particles and nuclei, and can be both endothermic and exothermic, depending on whether the use or release energy.
The first, i.e. the endothermic are those that use energy to achieve them, and the opposite happens with the exothermic, when they occur, they release a certain amount of energy. It is also necessary to mention that they may consider nuclear power for example electric power purchased from a nuclear way, i.e. through nuclear reactions. As well as thermal energy can be obtained by these reactions, or any other type of energy. There are two ways to obtain nuclear energy, those that are through nuclear fusion, and they are using nuclear fission.
To begin with, nuclear fission occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits into two or more parties, and of course this is an exothermic reaction because it releases energy. On the other hand, nuclear fusion reactions are characterized gather a release energy of nuclei of atoms of similar charge and form a heavier nucleus and as explained above reaction also releases a certain amount of energy is therefore an exothermic process. On the other hand, there is some aspect of nuclear energy information which is not commonly spoken and is the same impact on the environment.
An interpretation of the data submitted by consultants Ryder Scott Company to YPFB by oil analyst and engineer Hugo Del Granados said that the oil companies operating in Bolivia, including the state, had admitted a drop in natural gas reserves.
The methodology used by the U.S. company specializing in measuring oil and gas reserves in addition to requiring documentary verification developed areas also get information from operators indicating their own estimate of volumes of reserves.
Ryder Scott determined, according to the preliminary report that natural gas reserves in Bolivia reached to 8.35 TCF (Trillion Cubic Feet or billions of cubic feet, as in Spanish), while foreign operators found that the stocks reach 11 TCF.
Del Granados said that the third group consulted with expert opinion was that of “associate”, comprised of companies that have business partnerships with operators and between which is itself YPFB.
The “partners”, he pointed out also expressed their technical opinion and determined that the reserves amount to eight TCF.
In conclusion, Ryder Scott pulled out a volume of reserves is estimated between foreign oil companies and the associates.
Del Granados recalled that the president of YPFB, Carlos Villegas, disagreed with the consultant’s report but did not consider in its analysis of the views of oil companies and associates who reported close to data volumes distributed in the preliminary report.
The document reflects the views of foreign oil, associates and the company’s own state.
Describes the fields San Alberto and San Antonio, possessors of the largest reserves of natural gas, the main partner Angina, which, in turn, consists of YPFB and the Spanish Resold.
“I have no reason to lie: one of the topics we move forward with Iran is obviously having a nuclear plant for energy issues. When we talk about nuclear plant accuse linking it to an atomic bomb, we are not talking about atomic bomb. “
Morales made the revelation one day after noted that during his visit to Iran this week could learn about the quantum leap that led this country in the production of nuclear energy “for peaceful purposes.”
According to the ruling, Bolivia has uranium, the essential raw material for producing and exporting nuclear electricity to neighboring countries.
The Head of State had announced last August the existence of veins of uranium in southern Bolivia, but for the time being no information to establish their potential.
The governments of Mahout Ahmadinejad and Morales have strong ties to political affiliation since the inauguration of diplomatic relations in September 2007.