nuclear power info
The plant was out of service last Thursday, by an electrical malfunction detected in the turbine sector. From the Central Valley located in the Calamuchita explained on Friday that the problem which had to be repaired was in the “formal sector”, i.e. outside the nuclear area.
At the time of layoff, not being scheduled, the plant was freed from water vapor, producing a dense column of white to the sky, which generated some concern in areas surrounding the plant. As explained, it was only water vapor to be released before unplanned downtime. The stop lasted two days.
Embolden the plant generates about four percent of the country’s energy demand. Each year and a half has stops scheduled inspection and maintenance, ordered by international regulations, which require about a month on average. But upon detection of any fault or problem, the plant must also out of service for repair. The fine for pruning in part without permission is 150 to 3,000 pesos while pruning the total is 1,000 to 5,000.
The 108 is the local emergency number, but responds only to extreme cases. “There is no immediate answer a weekend to stop the unauthorized felling of trees,” admitted the head of Civil Defense, Jesus Armada. Complaints that are not considered emergencies are derived only on Monday.
An example happened yesterday, when two neighboring Cerro de lass Rosas stood at 11 on the street Luis de Teed, with a crew of men who were pulling down a big stick drunk. Frontage was asked whether he had permission and he said he could not find, that the trees were on his trail and that bothered him, the neighbors told Patricia Morey and Ana Flu.
“The police told us that we call to 108, where we said they took the complaint.’It does not serve a piece of paper’, we told Maria Rosa, who attended, ‘we want someone to stop the vandalism clear’ “he told Patricia.
At the beginning of the century, while the U.S. was involved in military interventions in the Balkans and had triggered what could become the longest war in its history in Afghanistan with the invasion of Iraq yet to come, was also preparing the ground for subordinating the African continent to a new military command.
With 4.5 percent of world population, the U.S. has 30 per cent of oil consumption. Despite being the third largest oil producer in the world, imports 60 percent of its consumption (12.4 to 20.7 million barrels daily use). A decade ago, 15 percent of these imports came from the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean coastline in Africa, mainly Nigeria, and is projected that the proportion increases to 25 percent in the next four years.
The National Energy Policy Report published by the Office of Vice President Richard Cheney on May 16, 2001 stated: “West Africa is expected to be one of the sources of oil and gas for the American market the fastest growing. African oil tends to be high quality and low sulfur … giving it a market share increasing to refineries on the U.S. east coast. “
The following year, the Group of African Oil Policy Initiatives, based in Washington DC, organized a symposium on “African Oil: A Priority for U.S. National Security and African development,” with the participation of U.S. lawmakers, advisors politicians, the private sector and representatives of the State Department and the Department of Defense, and Congressman William Jefferson who said:
“African oil should be treated as a priority for U.S. national security following in 11-S. I think … after the 11-S, we made clear to all that our traditional sources of oil are not as safe as we thought they were. “
As usual in regard to the objectives of U.S. foreign policy, the Pentagon was in charge take the blame. He immediately set to work, carrying out three initiatives to implement the U.S. energy strategy in the Gulf of Guinea: U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), the first foreign military command launched since 1983.
The Africa Partnership Station of the U.S. Navy, which has become the backbone of the Global Fleet Station, linked to maritime operations throughout the world as the fleet of 1000 ships and the Initiative for Proliferation Security and directed in the area of responsibility of U.S. Southern Command and the U.S. Fourth Fleet, reactivated in 2008: The Caribbean and Central and South America. Response Force NATO’s designed for fast multi-service (infantry, air force, navy and marines) deployed outside the area of responsibility of the American-European bloc.
It is a recognition awarded by the European Association for Renewable Energies (Eurosolar). The Stadium of Switzerland received the award in the category ‘owners and managers of implants for use of renewable energy‘, said Eurosolar.
In the same class are also awarded to the Westfalenhalle of Dortmund. Other winners in the category “Cities and municipalities’ are La Meal (Zaragoza, Spain), the Italian province of Trento and the people June bee Gottingen (Germany).
Back in September, Stadium of Switzerland won the Swiss Solar Prize 2005. The benefits of solar panels on the roof and managed by the company BKW Energies AG achieved, with optimal levels of insulation, the 850 kW.
The maximum annual production of 700,000 kilowatt hours, equivalent to annual power supply 200 households. From a technical standpoint, it could reach an annual production of nearly double, to 1,300,000 kilowatt-hours. Big and small, yet the implementation built on the stadium of Switzerland is the largest solar power plant on the planet, but the broader stage.
The project was developed by the international research center of the Mont Soleil, in the Bernese Jura (northwest). Despite its size, it would take 4,170 such facilities to achieve the production of nuclear power Muhlenberg that, like the panels of the stadium belongs to the BKW.
Several municipalities in the surroundings of Berne have expressed interest in solar energy, and many families through interactive tools and models, combine different energy technologies.
Not everyone knows what are the exact characteristics of this type of energy production, and taking into account the influences to their use in the environment, as well as disadvantages they can be found in other aspects is always desirable to have a certain amount of information on nuclear power for so long be made aware of important issues such as the environment and the different forms of energy production, although not appears to directly influence the life of each in a consistent manner.
To begin with the information of nuclear energy should begin with the main features. This type of energy is obtained or released in a spontaneous way by different nuclear reactions, also called nuclear processes. It is very important to provide some basic information about nuclear reactions when talking about nuclear energy information. Information-energy-nuclear reactions are processes of transformation and combination of subatomic particles and nuclei, and can be both endothermic and exothermic, depending on whether the use or release energy.
The first, i.e. the endothermic are those that use energy to achieve them, and the opposite happens with the exothermic, when they occur, they release a certain amount of energy. It is also necessary to mention that they may consider nuclear power for example electric power purchased from a nuclear way, i.e. through nuclear reactions. As well as thermal energy can be obtained by these reactions, or any other type of energy. There are two ways to obtain nuclear energy, those that are through nuclear fusion, and they are using nuclear fission.
To begin with, nuclear fission occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits into two or more parties, and of course this is an exothermic reaction because it releases energy. On the other hand, nuclear fusion reactions are characterized gather a release energy of nuclei of atoms of similar charge and form a heavier nucleus and as explained above reaction also releases a certain amount of energy is therefore an exothermic process. On the other hand, there is some aspect of nuclear energy information which is not commonly spoken and is the same impact on the environment.
An interpretation of the data submitted by consultants Ryder Scott Company to YPFB by oil analyst and engineer Hugo Del Granados said that the oil companies operating in Bolivia, including the state, had admitted a drop in natural gas reserves.
The methodology used by the U.S. company specializing in measuring oil and gas reserves in addition to requiring documentary verification developed areas also get information from operators indicating their own estimate of volumes of reserves.
Ryder Scott determined, according to the preliminary report that natural gas reserves in Bolivia reached to 8.35 TCF (Trillion Cubic Feet or billions of cubic feet, as in Spanish), while foreign operators found that the stocks reach 11 TCF.
Del Granados said that the third group consulted with expert opinion was that of “associate”, comprised of companies that have business partnerships with operators and between which is itself YPFB.
The “partners”, he pointed out also expressed their technical opinion and determined that the reserves amount to eight TCF.
In conclusion, Ryder Scott pulled out a volume of reserves is estimated between foreign oil companies and the associates.
Del Granados recalled that the president of YPFB, Carlos Villegas, disagreed with the consultant’s report but did not consider in its analysis of the views of oil companies and associates who reported close to data volumes distributed in the preliminary report.
The document reflects the views of foreign oil, associates and the company’s own state.
Describes the fields San Alberto and San Antonio, possessors of the largest reserves of natural gas, the main partner Angina, which, in turn, consists of YPFB and the Spanish Resold.
“I have no reason to lie: one of the topics we move forward with Iran is obviously having a nuclear plant for energy issues. When we talk about nuclear plant accuse linking it to an atomic bomb, we are not talking about atomic bomb. “
Morales made the revelation one day after noted that during his visit to Iran this week could learn about the quantum leap that led this country in the production of nuclear energy “for peaceful purposes.”
According to the ruling, Bolivia has uranium, the essential raw material for producing and exporting nuclear electricity to neighboring countries.
The Head of State had announced last August the existence of veins of uranium in southern Bolivia, but for the time being no information to establish their potential.
The governments of Mahout Ahmadinejad and Morales have strong ties to political affiliation since the inauguration of diplomatic relations in September 2007.